# Feedback stabilization of discrete-time quantum systems subject to non-demolition measurements with imperfections and delays

Authors:Hadis Amini, Abhinav Somaraju, Igor Dotsenko, Clement Sayrin, Mazyar Mirrahimi, Pierre Rouchon, Automatica, Vol. 49 No 9, pp. 2683–2692, September 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.automatica.2013.06.012

We consider a controlled quantum system whose finite dimensional state is governed by a discrete-time nonlinear Markov process. In open-loop, the measurements are assumed to be quantum non-demolition (QND). The eigenstates of the measured observable are thus the open-loop stationary states: they are used to construct a closed-loop supermartingale playing the role of a strict control Lyapunov function. The parameters of this supermartingale are calculated by inverting a Metzler matrix that characterizes the impact of the control input on the Kraus operators defining the Markov process. The resulting state feedback scheme, taking into account a known constant delay, provides the almost sure convergence to the target state. This convergence is ensured even in the case where the filter equation results from imperfect measurements corrupted by random errors with conditional probabilities given as a left stochastic matrix. Closed-loop simulations corroborated by experimental data illustrate the interest of such nonlinear feedback scheme for the photon box, a cavity quantum electrodynamics system.

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BibTeX:

@Article{,

author = {Abhinav Somaraju Hadis Amini, Igor Dotsenko, Clement Sayrin, Mazyar Mirrahimi, Pierre Rouchon},

title = {Feedback stabilization of discrete-time quantum systems subject to non-demolition measurements with imperfections and delays},

journal = {Automatica},

volume = {49},

number = {9},

pages = {2683-2692},

year = {2013},

}

We consider a controlled quantum system whose finite dimensional state is governed by a discrete-time nonlinear Markov process. In open-loop, the measurements are assumed to be quantum non-demolition (QND). The eigenstates of the measured observable are thus the open-loop stationary states: they are used to construct a closed-loop supermartingale playing the role of a strict control Lyapunov function. The parameters of this supermartingale are calculated by inverting a Metzler matrix that characterizes the impact of the control input on the Kraus operators defining the Markov process. The resulting state feedback scheme, taking into account a known constant delay, provides the almost sure convergence to the target state. This convergence is ensured even in the case where the filter equation results from imperfect measurements corrupted by random errors with conditional probabilities given as a left stochastic matrix. Closed-loop simulations corroborated by experimental data illustrate the interest of such nonlinear feedback scheme for the photon box, a cavity quantum electrodynamics system.

Download PDF

BibTeX:

@Article{,

author = {Abhinav Somaraju Hadis Amini, Igor Dotsenko, Clement Sayrin, Mazyar Mirrahimi, Pierre Rouchon},

title = {Feedback stabilization of discrete-time quantum systems subject to non-demolition measurements with imperfections and delays},

journal = {Automatica},

volume = {49},

number = {9},

pages = {2683-2692},

year = {2013},

}